Turning an OLD PC/Laptop into a Media Server! (Ubuntu/PLEX Guide)
If you have a old or cheap computer laying around you should put it to work and create yourself a nice home media server. In this video we will be using Ubuntu server 20.04 and PLEX to easily stream media throughout your home and even when you're out on the go. Once you have everything set-up you’re not just limited to media. You can use this to run Nextcloud or any other server applications.
With that said lets get started.
Installing Ubuntu on your Machine
First, we are going to want to download and install a boot-able disk image of Ubuntu server edition onto a USB flash drive. If you’re on Windows I’d recommend you use RUFUS and if you’re running on a Linux machine the Popsicle USB Flasher is my go-to tool.
Once the disk image has been flashed onto the USB you are going to want to boot into that USB. Depending on your hardware you are going to need to hit a key to get into your boot when when the manufacturer splash screen has displayed.
Once booted in you're going to want to run though the Ubuntu server setup. This is fairly straight forward.
- Select your Language.
- Select ‘Continue without updating’, we will update the system later.
- Select your keyboard layout, if using ‘English (US)’ click ‘Done’.
- Select your network adapter. Ensure you have a valid connection and IP address. Since this is going to be used as a server I’d recommend using a direct Ethernet connection. This will make this way easier.
- Leave the proxy address blank.
- Leave Ubuntu mirror at default.
- Select the disk you’d like to use. For this demonstration we will be using the entire disk and deselecting the LVM group option. You will be able to see a summery of the file system changes.
- Set up your name, server name, username, and password.
- **Select ‘Install OpenSSH server’.
- Skip Snap installs for now.
From here you're going to want to remove the USB drive and restart your Ubuntu server. After the first boot you’re going to want to login with the user and password your created when setting up the machine. Once you’re in run the commands to update your system.
When booted into server run apt update commands
1sudo apt-get update 2sudo apt-get upgrade
Setting up Ubuntu for SSH
Once your system is updated were going to need to get the local IP address to SSH into the system. You could do all this on the server machine, but using SSH will make it way easier to copy commands and easily move media files to your new server. First to find your IP run the following command.
Your IP address will be after after ‘inet’ and will likley be the first address that doesn't end in a 0 or 1. For my machine the local IP address is 192.168.0.60, so that what I’ll be using for the rest of this article.
Once you have this done you’re going to want to make sure you have OpenSSH installed on your main computer. You can run “ssh” in the terminal to check. As a reminder this will only work on your local network. In order to connect to a machine outside of your home network you will want to set up port forwarding and add additional security to your systems.
Once you have OpenSSH installed you can SSH into you new server.
It will ask you for your password and once you are in it will look like a normal terminal instance, but it will be for the server as it display as username@servername. Once you are in we can setup plex.
Download and Install PLEX
Download using this command. This may be an older version, but we will set-up updating shortly.
Install using the dpkg command
1sudo dpkg -i plexmediaserver_188.8.131.5252-219a9974e_amd64.deb
Enable and Update the PLEX server
Enable the Plex media server on boot:
1sudo systemctl enable plexmediaserver.service
Start the Plex media server:
1sudo systemctl start plexmediaserver.service
Verify the status of Plex media server service:
1sudo systemctl status plexmediaserver.service
Once we know it works and we verified that the service is running we can add the plexmediaserver to you repositories. Doing this will allow Ubuntu to update PLEX using the standard updating commands.
1echo deb https://downloads.plex.tv/repo/deb public main | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/plexmediaserver.list
1curl https://downloads.plex.tv/plex-keys/PlexSign.key | sudo apt-key add -
Update PLEX by running the system update and upgrade commands.
1sudo apt-get update 2sudo apt-get upgrade
Accessing PLEX Server
You should now be able to visit http://192.168.0.60:32400/web and connect via the PLEX web interface. After you login to an account it will ask you where your media is stored. You should always plug a USB in and move files using commands, but we are going to go the easy route.
Open Dolphin or another file browser and connect to the server via sftp. Change my local IP address for yours. sftp://firstname.lastname@example.org
Now you have full control over the file system on the server. When I do this I create a media folder in my home directory and within the media folder I make one for movies and one for shows. The organization of this is all up to you. Move your files into a media directory on your new server.
I’d recommend checking out this article from PLEX that will show you how to name your file to help PLEX organize the meta data of your media files.
File Naming Tips: https://support.plex.tv/articles/200288586-installation/
Laptop Tip: Disable Suspend on Lid Close.
To do this we will need to edit the Systemd login config file.
1sudo nano /etc/systemd/logind.conf
1HandleSuspendKey=ignore 2HandleLidSwitch=ignore 3HandleLidSwitchDocked=ignore
1sudo systemctl restart systemd-logind
Video Timestamps 00:00 - Introduction 01:40 - Ubuntu Server USB 03:48 - Installing Ubuntu Server 10:00 - First Boot Steps 11:49 - SSH into Server (terminal) 14:40 - Install/Enable PLEX 17:05 - SFTP into Server (files) 19:40 - Laptop Lid Tips 21:35 - Setting up PLEX 24:46 - Thank you! pls sub
You can now finish the setup in your web portal and access your content essentially anywhere. Using the PLEX app on smart devices and TVs.